CosmeticsDiary.com

Lentigines

Lentigines are flat brown-black spots that usually occur in sun-exposed areas. Lentigines are caused by the skin being exposed to the sun over many years. If you do not believe that these brown, ugly marks on the back of your hands and face are caused by sunlight, look at the skin on your inner thigh. Multiple lentigines syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.

Lentigines are usually benign therefore treatment is not necessary. For cosmetic purposes, some successful treatments include: cryotherapy, hydroquinone preparations (bleaching preparations), retinoids, chemical peels or lasers. When there is one lentigo, there are usually more lentigines. These are located mostly on the trunk and neck. Affected people also have wide-set eyes (hypertelorism), prominent ears, nerve deafness (partial), and cafe-au-lait spots (light brown birthmarks). Multiple lentigines syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by an increased number of lentigines (freckle-like spots). Although most frequently called liver spots , they are unrelated to the liver or liver function. They are also called age spots.

Lentigines are common in those with fair skin but are frequently seen in those who tan easily or have naturally dark skin. Solar Lentigines are due to accumulated pigment cells (melanocytic hyperplasia).

Freckles (ephelides) and lentigines

Freckles (ephelides) and lentigines are flat brown spots. Freckles first appear in young children, darken with ultraviolet exposure, and fade with cessation of sun exposure. In adults, depending on the fairness of the complexion, flat brown spots (lentigines), often with sharp borders, gradually appear in sun-exposed areas, particularly the dorsa of the hands. They do not fade with cessation of sun exposure. They should be evaluated like all pigmented lesions: If the pigmentation is homogeneous and they are symmetric and flat, they are most likely benign. Solar lentigines, so-called liver spots, improve in over 80% of individuals treated with topical 0.1% or 2% 4-hydroxyanisole with tretinoin 0.01% (Solage). Laser and cryotherapy are also effective.

Symptoms of Lentigines

Here are the common Symptoms of Lentigines:

  • a family history of multiple lentigines
  • multiple lentigines on neck and trunk (may be on any cutaneous surface)
  • wide-set eyes (hypertelorism)
  • prominent ears
  • pectus excavatum
  • pectus carinatum (abnormalities of the sternum or breastbone)
  • slow growth
  • delayed puberty
  • absent puberty

Treatment of Lentigines

Topical vitamin C treatment is effective for treating sun spots. Topical vitamin C works well when used in combination with alpha hydroxyacids.

Lentigines can also be treated with an alpha hydroxyacid peel . This involves applying a mild acid to the skin and then allowing the skin to heal. Chemical peels work best in people with blue eyes and light hair, but can be effective in all skin types. This is the second fastest way to get rid of age spots.

Protective measures should be taken to avoid any excessive sunlight exposure. These include sunscreen and protective clothing, such as hats and long sleeves.

 

 


Acanthosis Nigricans
Acrochordons
Actinic Keratosis
Alopecia Androgenic
Alopecia Areata
Alopecia Totalis
Amoebiasis
Aphthous Ulcers
Ashermans Syndrome
Atopic Dermatitis
Beaus Lines
Blue Nevi
Bowens Disease
Bullous Pemphigoid
Cherry Angioma
Chilblains
Cholinergic Urticaria
Condylomata
Congenital Nevi
Danlos Ehlers Syndrome
Dariers Disease
Darkcircles
Dermatitis Herpetiformis
Dermatitis
Dermatofibroma
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
Disease Pagets
Dyshidrotic Dermatitis
Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dysplastic Nevi
Ectodermal Dysplasia
Eczema
Epidermolysis Bullosa
Erythema Migrans
Erythema Multiforme
Erythrodermic Psoriasis
Get rid of Cellulite
Exfoliative Dermatitis
Eye Stye
Fingernail Treatment
Flexural Psoriasis
Fordyces Condition
Forever Free Wrinkle
Freckle Removal
Genital Wart
Get Rid of Freckle
Get Rid of Scabies
Granuloma Annulare
Guttate Psoriasis
Harlequin Ichthyosis
Herpes Simplex
Herpes Zoster
Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Hyperhidrosis
Hysteria
Impetigo
Ingrown Toe Nail
Intertrigo
Keloids
Keratoacanthoma
Keratosis Pilaris
Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome
Koilonychia
Large Pores Treatment
Lentigines
Leucoderma
Leuconychia
Lichen Planus
Lichen Sclerosus
Lichen Simplex Chronicus
Lichen Striatus
Livedo Reticularis
Lyme Disease Symptom
Lyme Disease
Lymphomatoid Papulosis
Malignant Melanoma
Mastocytosis
Melanonychia
Melasma Treatment
Melasma
Miliaria
Molluscum Contagiosum
Mortons Neuroma
Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
Mycosis Fungoides
Nail Disorders
Nail Patella Syndrome
Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Neurofibromatosis
Onychatrophia
Onychauxis
Onychocryptosis
Onychogryposis
Onycholysis
Onychomycosis
Onychorrhexis
Orbital Cellulitis
Paronychia
Perioral Dermatitis
Periorbital Cellulitis
Pityriasis Alba
Pityriasis Lichenoides
Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris
Pompholyx
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
Preventing Stretch Marks
Pruritis
Pseudofolliculitis Barbae
Psoriasis
Pterygium
Pustular Psoriasis
Pyogenic Granuloma
Reduce Puffyeyes
Remedies Sunburn
Remedy Puffy Eyes
Scabies Symptom
Schambergs Disease
Sebaceous Hyperplasia
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Seborrheic Keratoses
Subungual Hematoma
Symptoms of Vulvodynia
Telogen Effluvium
Tinea Capitis
Tinea Corporis
Tinea Cruris
Tinea Manuum
Tinea Pedis Athlete Foot
Tinea Versicolor
Treat Vulvodynia
Urticaria Pigmentosa
Variola
Venous Angioma
Vulvodynia
Wegeners Granulomatosis
Xerosis